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Islão: As Razões da Tolerância

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Prefácio Prof. Doutora Susana Antas Videira

Do prefácio

A obra que tenho o gosto de prefaciar foi apresentada, em Outubro de 2017, como relatório da disciplina de História das Ideias Políticas, do curso de doutoramento em Direito da Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Lisboa, sob a minha regência.
Nesse contexto, tive a oportunidade de acompanhar o Dr. Rui Marques e testemunhar o rigor científico e a precisão metodológica, que imprime nas suas investigações.
Em termos pessoais e académicos, é, pois, com particular agrado que assisto à publicação deste trabalho, tornando acessível ao público um texto cuja oportunidade é manifesta.
O tema eleito é o Islão e a tolerância. (...)
(...) Recuperamos, neste contexto, o tratamento dado por Locke a esta questão axial, o qual não tem outro escopo que não o de assegurar no homem a liberdade. É este o significado mais profundo do seu texto de referência sobre a tolerância e, mais amplamente, de toda a sua obra: libertar o entendimento humano, a reflexão e o juízo dos obstáculos que tendem a impor-lhe, in foro interno, a inquietude e a precipitação e, in foro externo, o domínio, a posse e a violência dos outros homens.
A liberdade racional é, em suma, o único fundamento da tolerância, pois sem ela o homem não pode cumprir a sua humanidade, nem se tornar um ser humano completo.
Daí a relevância de trabalhos como o do Dr. Rui Marques, que, perante a ameaça do recrudescimento da intolerância, colocam o assento tónico no pluralismo e no respeito pela liberdade, que não pode deixar de ser assumida como um sinal duradouro. (...)

Índice

I. Que sabemos nós do que se passa dentro do Islão?
1. Em nome de Alá
2. Primeiro a legalidade
3. A islamização e uma certa justiça reparadora

II. O conceito de tolerância
1. No início, a intolerância
2. A necessidade da tolerância
3. A boa nova do Cristianismo
3.1. A tolerância aplicada ao mal
3.2. A religião como coisa à parte da política
4. A tolerância como consentimento do príncipe
4.1. A tolerância de um mal e a sua juridicidade
4.2. Uma breve resenha sobre os mouros em Portugal ....
5. Reforma Protestante: A religião do príncipe, os dissidentes e os infiéis
6. Em trânsito para o direito à liberdade religiosa
6.1. Da tolerância à liberdade religiosa
6.2. A liberdade religiosa no século XXI
6.3. Um Estado laico
7. O relativismo na política e na religião
7.1. Tolerar o intolerável: As impossibilidades
7.2. A questão do véu islâmico

III. Conclusões possíveis: Os grandes desafios postos ao Islão
1. Onde não há César
2. A teologia e as razões da fé
3. Agir ou não segundo a razão
3.1. O proselitismo
3.2. Guerra santa ou terrorismo?
4. Os direitos humanos: Um estertor do direito natural?
Bibliografia

9789726292715

Data sheet

Publisher
AAFDL EDITORA
authors
Rui Marques
Reference
9789726292715
Pages
187
Editing Place
Lisboa (2019)
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